In our daily lives we often encounter both pleasurable and aversive situations, which heighten our emotional state and affect cognition. The ability to flexibly regulate our emotions in response to such events is essential for adapting to our environment and, ultimately, for our mental health. Many forms of mental illness involve dysfunction in the neural systems that regulate affective processing and decision making. The limbic system, which includes parts of the prefrontal cortex and medial temporal lobe, is critical for regulating emotions and plays an essential role in cognition. The main focus of the Rudebeck lab is to understand how interaction between the prefrontal cortex and subcortical structures such as the amygdala contribute to emotional regulation and decision-making. To do this, we use a combination of behavioral, autonomic, neurophysiological and interference methods in animal models.
In press / BioRxiv
Danielle Beckman , Kristine Donis-Cox, Sean Ott, Mary Roberts, Lisa Novik, William G. Janssen, Eliza Bliss-Moreau, Peter H. Rudebeck, Mark G. Baxter, and John H. Morrison (2018) Quantitative analysis of synaptic pathology and neuroinflammation: an initial study in a female rhesus monkey model of the synaptic phase of Alzheimer′s Disease. (https://www.biorxiv.org/content/early/2018/01/19/251025)
Frederic M. Stoll, Clayton P. Mosher, Sarita Tamang, Elisabeth A. Murray, and Peter H. Rudebeck (2017) Amygdala plays distinct roles on prefrontal local field potential and single neuron encoding of reward-based decisions. (http://www.biorxiv.org/content/early/2017/04/21/129221)
Jamie Nagy, Mark G. Baxter, Christienne Damatac, Peter H. Rudebeck, and Paula L. Croxson (2017) Lack of sex differences in higher cognitive function in macaques. (http://www.biorxiv.org/content/early/2017/06/21/153593)
Peter H. Rudebeck and Erin L. Rich (2018) Primer on OFC. Current Biology, 28(18):R1083-R1088
James J Young, Peter H Rudebeck, Lara V Marcuse, Madeline C Fields, Ji Yeoun Yoo, Fedor Panov, Saadi Ghatan, Arash Fazl, Sarah Mandelbaum, Mark G Baxter (2018) A Theta Band Network Involving Prefrontal Cortex Unique to Human Episodic Memory. Neuroimage, 183:565-573
Nicholas Upright, Stephen Brookshire, Wendy Schnebelen, Christienne Damatac, Patrick Hof, Philip G. Browning, Paula L. Croxson, Peter H. Rudebeck, and Mark G. Baxter (2018) Behavioral effect of chemogenetic inhibition is directly related to receptor transduction levels in rhesus monkeys. Journal of Neuroscience, 38(37):7969-7975
Elisabeth A. Murray and Peter H. Rudebeck (2018) Specializations for value-based decision making in the primate ventral prefrontal cortex. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 19(7): 404-417
Erin L. Rich, Frederic M. Stoll, and Peter H. Rudebeck (2018) Linking dynamic patterns of neural activity in orbitofrontal cortex with decision making. Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 49:24-32 (https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1WMdV3Q9h1uvLz)
Peter H. Rudebeck, Richard C. Saunders, Dawn A. Lundgren, and Elisabeth A. Murray (2017) Specialized representations of value in orbital and ventrolateral prefrontal cortex: desirability versus availability of outcomes. Neuron, 95(5): 1208-1220
Peter H. Rudebeck, Joshua A. Ripple, Andrew R. Mitz, Bruno B. Averbeck, and Elisabeth A. Murray (2017) Amygdala contributions to stimulus–reward encoding in the macaque medial and orbital frontal cortex during learning. Journal of Neuroscience, 37(8): 2186-2202
Andrew R. Mitz, Ravi V. Chako, Philip T. Putnam, Peter H. Rudebeck, and Elisabeth A. Murray (2017) Using pupil size and heart rate to infer affective states during behavioral neurophysiology and neuropsychology experiments. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 279:1-12
Alicia Izquierdo, Jonathan L. Brigman, Anna K. Radke, Peter H. Rudebeck, and Andrew Holmes (2017) The neural basis of reversal learning: An updated perspective. Neuroscience, 345:12-26
Vincent D. Costa and Peter H. Rudebeck (2016) More than meets the eye: the relationship between pupil size and locus coerulus activity. Neuron, 89(1): 8-10
Anthony I. Jang, Vincent D. Costa, Peter H. Rudebeck, Yogita Chudasama, Elisabeth A. Murray, and Bruno B. Averbeck (2015) The role of frontal cortical and medial-temporal lobe brain areas in learning a Bayesian prior belief on reversals, Journal of Neuroscience, 35(33): 11751-11760
Clayton Mosher and Peter H. Rudebeck (2015) New tricks for an old structure: the amygdala accountant. Nature Neuroscience, 18(3): 324-5
Rudebeck, PH and Murray, E.A. (2014) The Orbitofrontal Oracle: Cortical Mechanisms for the Prediction and Evaluation of Specific Behavioral Outcomes. Neuron, 84(6):1143-1156 doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2014.10.049.
Rudebeck PH, Putnam PT, Daniels TE, Yang T, Mitz AR, Rhodes SE, Murray EA. A role for primate subgenual cingulate cortex in sustaining autonomic arousal. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2014 Apr; 111(14).
Tianming Yang, Rachel Bavley, Kevin Fomalont, Kevin Blomstrom, Andrew R Mitz, Janita Turchi, Peter H Rudebeck and Elisabeth A Murray (2014) Contributions of the hippocampus and entorhinal cortex to rapid associative learning in rhesus monkeys. Hippocampus, doi: 10.1002/hipo.22294.
Peter H Rudebeck, Philip T Putnam, Teresa E Daniels, Tianming Yang, Andrew R Mitz, Sarah EV Rhodes and Elisabeth A Murray (2014) A role for primate subgenual cingulate cortex in sustaining autonomic arousal. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 111(14): 5391-6.
Peter H Rudebeck, Andrew R Mitz, Ravi V Chacko and Elisabeth A Murray (2013) Effects of amygdala lesions on reward-value coding in orbital and medial prefrontal cortex. Neuron, 80(6): 1519-31.
Peter H Rudebeck, Richard C Saunders, Anna T. Prescott, Lily S. Chau and Elisabeth A Murray (2013) Prefrontal mechanisms of emotion, value and behavioural flexibility. Nature Neuroscience, 16(8): 1140-5.
Elisabeth A Murray and Peter H Rudebeck (2013) Strive to drive: goal generation based on current needs. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 7: 112.
Alicia Izquierdo, Chelsi Darling, Nic Manos, Hilda Pozos, Charissa Kim, Serena Ostrander, Victor Cazares, Haley Stepp, Peter H Rudebeck (2013) Basolateral amygdala lesions facilitate and orbitofrontal cortex lesions impair responses after negative feedback in rats. Journal of Neuroscience, 33(9): 4105-9.
Yogita Chudasama, Teresa E Daniels, Daniel P Gorrin, Sarah EV Rhodes, Peter H Rudebeck, and Elisabeth A Murray (2013) Anterior cingulate cortex lesions in rhesus monkeys fail to disrupt choices guided by changes in reward value and reward contingency. Cerebral Cortex, 23(12): 2884-98.
Peter H Rudebeck and Elisabeth A Murray (2011) Balkanizing the primate orbitofrontal cortex: distinct subregions for comparing and contrasting values. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1239(1): 1-13.
Mark E. Walton, Timothy E. J. Behrens, Peter H. Rudebeck, & Matthew F. S. Rushworth (2011) Cingulate and orbitofrontal contributions to valuing knowns and unknowns in a changeable world. Attention & Performance XXIII: Decision Making. OUP, Oxford.
Peter H Rudebeck and Elisabeth A Murray (2011) Dissociable effects of subtotal lesions within the macaque orbitofrontal cortex on reward-guided behaviour. Journal of Neuroscience, 31(29): 10569-10578.
2010 and before
MaryAnn P Noonan, Jerome Sallet, Peter H Rudebeck, Mark J Buckley, Matthew F Rushworth (2010) Does the medial orbitofrontal cortex have a role in social valuation? European Journal of Neuroscience, 31(12): 2341-51
Mark E Walton, Timothy E Behrens, Mark J Buckley, Peter H Rudebeck and Matthew FS Rushworth (2010) Separable learning systems in the macaque brain and the role of orbitofrontal cortex in contingent learning. Neuron, 65(6): 927-39
Timothy Y Mariano, Mark G Baxter, Stephen B McHugh, Mark E Walton, Sarah R Rudebeck, Peter H Rudebeck, Matthew F Rushworth, J Nicholas Rawlins, Thomas G Campbell, David M Bannerman (2009) Impulsive choice in hippocampal but not orbitofrontal cortex-lesioned rats on a non-spatial decision making maze task. European Journal of Neuroscience, 30(3): 472-84
Peter H Rudebeck, Timothy E Behrens, Steven W Kennerley, Mark G Baxter, Mark J Buckley, Mark E Walton, and Matthew F Rushworth (2008) Frontal cortex subregions play distinct roles in choices between actions and stimuli. Journal of Neuroscience, 28(51): 13775-85
Peter H Rudebeck, David M Bannerman, Matthew F Rushworth (2008) The contribution of distinct subregions of ventromedial frontal cortex to emotion, social behavior and decision-making. Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience 8 (4): 485-497
Peter H Rudebeck, Elisabeth A Murray (2008) Amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex lesions differentially influence choices during object reversal learning. Journal of Neuroscience, 28(33): 8338–8343
Peter H Rudebeck, Mark E Walton, Benjamin HP Millette, Elizabeth Shirley, Matthew F Rushworth, David M Bannerman (2007) Distinct contributions of frontal areas to emotion and social behaviour. European Journal of Neuroscience, 26(8): 2315-26
Mark E Walton, Peter H Rudebeck, David M Bannerman, & Matthew F S Rushworth (2007) Calculating the cost of acting in the prefrontal cortex. Annals of the New York Academy of Science, 1104: 340-56
Matthew FS Rushworth, Timothy EJ Behrens, Peter H Rudebeck and Mark E Walton (2007) Contrasting roles for cingulate and orbitofrontal cortex in decisions and social behaviour. Trends in Cognitive Science, 11(4): 168-76
Peter H Rudebeck, Mark J Buckley, Mark E Walton and Matthew F Rushworth (2006) A role for the macaque anterior cingulate gyrus in social valuation. Science, 313(5791): 1310-2
Peter H Rudebeck, Mark E Walton, Angharad N Smyth, David B Bannerman, Matthew F Rushworth (2006) Separate neural pathways process different decision costs. Nature Neuroscience, 9(9): 1161-8
Narender Ramnani, Timothy EJ Behrens, Heidi Johansen-Berg, Marlene C Richter, Mark A Pinsk, Jesper LR Andersson, Peter Rudebeck, Olga Ciccarelli, Wolfgang Richter, Alan J Thompson, Charles G Gross, Mark D Robson, Sabine Kastner and Paul M Matthews (2005) The evolution of prefrontal inputs to the cortico-pontine system: Diffusion imaging evidence from macaque monkeys and humans. Cerebral Cortex, 16(6): 811-8
Meet the Team
Megan E. Young, PhD
Frederic M Stoll, PhD
J. Megan Fredericks
News, Funding, Job Opportunities
July, 2019 Postdoctoral fellow Dr Catherine Elorette joins the lab
June, 2019 Master’s student Jairo Munoz passes his Masters thesis defense
May, 2019 PREP student Khadijah Crawford presents poster at North East PREP meeting
April, 2019 Postdoctoral fellow Dr Atsushi Fujimoto joins the lab on a Takeda Foundation Fellowship
January, 2019 With Rich and Rajan Labs, Rudebeck lab wins Di Sabato Family Research Fellowship from Friedman Brain Institute
October, 2018 Fred Stoll presents a poster at the Computational Properties of the Prefrontal Cortex (CPPC) meeting, in Nashville, TN
September, 2018 Lab receives joint BRAIN Initiative grant with Dr Brian Russ to study the mechanistic and causal basis of fMRI functional connectivity
April, 2018 Erin Rich, Fred and Pete publish review in Current Opinion in Neurobiology
November, 2017 Megan (Young), Fred, and Megan (Fredericks) present at the 2017 Society for Neuroscience meeting in Washington, DC
November, 2017 Pete wins the Janine Rosenberg Trubach Career Development Award from the Society for Neuroscience
November, 2017 Rudebeck Lab Escape the room!
September, 2017 PhD rotation students Joe Simon and Megan Fredericks as well as PREP student Khadijah Crawford join the lab
July, 2017 Rudebeck Lab conquer Bear Mountain!
01/15/2016 – 01/14/2018 Young Investigator Award Brain (Rudebeck, PI)
Behavior Research Foundation
Title: The Neurophysiology of Anhedonia
Goal: To determine how neural activity in a circuit linking prefrontal cortex and
limbic system is related to the anticipation of reward.
07/01/2016 – 3/31/2021 R01MH110822 (Rudebeck, PI)
NIMH Biobehavioral Research Awards for Innovative New Scientists (BRAINS)
Title: A new approach to the role of prefrontal-limbic circuits in anxiety disorders.
Goal: To determine the mechanistic and causal basis of how the brain processes
information about the potential for both negative and positive events to occur.
03/24/2017 – 02/28/2019 R21MH112539 (Rudebeck,PI)
Title: Neural mechanisms of social affect induction
Goal: To determine how inducing temporally extended affective states in macaque
monkeys affects activity in circuits linking prefrontal cortex and limbic system.
02/2017 – 02/2018 Rosen Family Scholar
Friedman Brain Institute Scholars
Title: Neural mechanisms of human higher cognitive function
Goal: This project aims to determine the patterns of neural activity, both single
neuron and local field potentials, that support working memory in humans.
NIH BRAIN Initiative funded Post-doctoral Researcher
Drs Peter Rudebeck and Brian Russ at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai are seeking a post-doctoral fellow to start in the winter of 2018/2019. The successful candidate would be joining a research team investigating the neural underpinning of resting state functional connectivity in relation to decision-making circuitry. The fellow will be supervised jointly by Drs. Rudebeck and Russ and will work with the larger the behavioral and systems neuroscience research team at ISMMS (http://labs.neuroscience.mssm.edu).
The fellow’s main research project would be part of a recently funded BRAIN Initiative grant. Successful applicants will use nonhuman primate behavior, electrophysiological recordings, fMRI, and chemogenetics to investigate the casual relationship between neuronal activity and functional resting state connectivity patterns. We will address this question in a limbic-prefrontal pathway as emerging data suggests dissociations between neural activity and fMRI in limbic structures.
We are interested in developing the research interests of the candidate as well, and are willing to expand our research program with new and exciting research directions related to the overarching goals of the team’s research program.
The ideal candidate would have a background in systems and computational neuroscience with an emphasis on nonhuman primate and/or fMRI research. Expertise in training nonhuman primates, electrophysiological techniques and analyses, fMRI protocols and analysis, and programming skills (Python and/or Matlab) would be preferential.
The Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai is an equal opportunity employer. Mount Sinai values diversity among its faculty, students, and staff and strongly encourages applications from women, persons with disabilities, and underrepresented minorities.